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You are Here :: How to grow :Rosemary



Economic part- Leaves and flowering tops

Major constituents- 1, 8-cineole(20-50%), borneol (20 %)

Uses- Cosmetics, perfumery, culinary purposes

Variety- Ooty-1

Rosemary-OOTY (RM)-1

Step By Step How to Grow
1) Climatic and soil requirements
The climatic conditions prevailing in Nilgiris and the sandy loam soils of Bangalore are found to be suitable. It grows well in areas where the rainfall is higher than 500 mm per annum. The crop comes well in a pH range of 6.5 to 7.0.

2) Propagation
Rosemary is propagated by means of seeds, cuttings, layers and division of roots. Commercial propagation is through 10-15 cm cuttings which are planted in the nursery beds and after about 6-8 weeks they can be transplanted in the main field

3) Planting
The rooted cuttings or seedlings are planted in the field at 45X45 cm spacing.

4) Manures
Application of FYM at 20 t/ha and 20:40:40 kg NPK per ha has to be given prior to application. Then after each harvest, 80 kg n/ha has to be given in 4 equal split doses.

5) Irrigation
When establishing rosemary, it has to be irrigated twice a week. After establishment, it can be irrigated once in a week.

Weed control
The crop requires 5-6 earthing up and weeding during the crop growth. When the crop attains 2-3 years, the bushes are pruned to accelerate the formation of more vegetative shoots to increase the oil yield.

Pest and disease control
Rosemary is vulnerable to spider mites, mealy bugs,Whiteflies and thrips.

Late blight disease has been reported which can be controlled by drenching the plant with Maneb (1%) at 8-10 days interval.

The first harvest of leaves begins from 8 months after planting, and subsequent harvests can be done at an interval of 3 to 4 months. Annually three to four harvests can be had, and this perennial crop can be retained for upto twelve years, based on the vigour of the crops.

Harvest will commence at the time of 50% blooming and continues till 75-90 % inflorescence emergence and must end when the flowers have finished blooming.

On an average, about 12-15t/ha/annum of herbage and an oil yield of about 85 to 100 kg/ha/annum can be obtained.