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You are Here :: How to grow :Jasmine



Single Mogra, Double Mogra, Iruvatchi, Ramanathapuram local and Arka Aradhana etc. are presently cultivated.

Step By Step How to Grow
1) Soil and climate
Well drained loamy or red loamy fertile soil. Warm summer, mild winter, moderate rainfall and sunny days.

Propagation: Semi hard wood cuttings (15 - 20 cm long).

2) Preparation and planting
Layers or rooted cuttings are planted in pits 30 x 30 x 30 cm with a spacing of 1.25 m either way to accommodate 6400 plants per ha during June to November. 20 kg FYM/pit is applied before planting.

3) Irrigation
Irrigation should be given immediately after planting followed by weekly irrigation depending upon weather conditions.

4) Manuring
FYM @ 10 kg/pit is applied before planting. NPK @ 60:120:120 g/plant/year is applied in 2 equal splits during November (after pruning) and June-July along with 10 kg FYM per plant.

5) Micronutrients
Foliar spray ofZnSO40.25% + MgSO40.5% + FeSO40.5% (In case of expression of micronutrient deficiency, spraying should be done at fortnightly intervals until the chlorotic symptoms disappear).

6) Pruning
The bushes are pruned to 50 cm height from the ground level during last week of November.

Plant protection:
Bud worm
Spray Monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml/lit or Profenofos 50 EC @ 1 ml/lit to control it.

Blossom midge
Spray Monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml/lit or Quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit to control it.

Red spider mite
Spray Sulphur 50 WP @ 2 g/lit or Dicofol 18.5 @ EC 2.5 ml/lit to control the mite

Yellowing of leaves
It is caused by 3 factors viz., iron deficiency, nematode infection and root rot disease.

Iron deficiency
It can be rectified by spraying Ferrous sulphate 5 g/lit at monthly intervals until the chlorotic symptoms disappear.

Initially test the soil for nematode infection. Apply 10 g of of Phorate granules near root zone and then irrigate the field. Root rot
Drench the soil around the plant with Copper oxychloride at 2.5 g/lit.

Soil drenching with Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole @ 0.75 g/litre or Difenoconazole @ 0.5g/l. Alternaria leaf spot
Foliar application of Mancozeb @ 2.5 g/l or Azoxystrobin @ 1g/l

Soil application of Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 25 g/m2 and foliar application of P. fluorescens @ 5 g/l at monthly intervals after planting.

Season of flowering and harvest

Flowering commences in March - April. Fully developed unopened flower buds should be picked in the morning hours.For concrete extraction, fully opened flowers are harvested.

Flowers: 8 - 9 t/ha; concrete recovery: 0.14 - 0.19%.

Value addition
Jasmine is one of the most important traditional flower of India. Jasmine flowers buds are used for making garland, bouquets, string, veni and jadai for grand hair dressing of women on special occasions. Extraction of essential oil from jasmine for preparing perfume, hair oils and attar.

Wedding Garlands
The wedding garland made of jasmine flower buds are predominant than garlands made from other flowers because of its special fragrance and manifestation

Women of all age groups need adorn their hair with flower string. Mostly jasmine strings are liked by women folk as it adds to their beauty.

Bridal crown
Crowns made of mostly jasmine flower buds are used in some marriages for adorning the couple.

Jasmine jadai
It is also a decorative items necessarily used for hair dressing of the bride during marriages.

Hand wrist
Which is made by jasmine buds, Nandhiyavattam and rose petals

Tinting is the technique which is used for making colouring of flowers. While making garlands, strings, veni, jadai etc., tinting of jasmine is also done for getting varied designs.

Precision production technology
Main field preparation
Ploughing with chisel, disc, rotovator and cultivator and levelling with tractor drawn leveller. Pits of 45cm3 size are dug.

1.2 x 1.0 m (8333 plants/ha).

Herbicide application
Pre emergence application of Pendimethalin @ 2ml/l.

: Soil application of2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria per ha at the time of planting. It is to be mixed with 100kg of FYM and applied in pits.

Media consortia
5kgFYM + 500g Neem cake + 100g Vermicompost are applied per pit at the time of planting.

Once in 3 days through drip system.

100% RDF (60:120:120g NPK/plant/year) as WSF [Polyfeed (19:19:19), Potassium Nitrate (13:0:45) and Urea].

Foliar spray of Panchagavya 3% + Humic acid 0.4% at monthly intervals.

Foliar spray of FeSO4@ 0.5% + ZnSO4 @0.5% at monthly intervals.

12 t/ha.