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You are Here :: How to grow :Fennel



CO 1, UF 32, PF 35 and Gujarat Fennel 1.

Step By Step How to Grow
1) Soil
Well drained loamy soil or black or sandy soil rich in organic matter is suitable for fennel cultivation.

2) Climate
It comes up well in fairly mild with frost free climate

3) Season
Hills: May - June.

Plains: October - November.

4) Seed rate
For direct sowing: 9 - 12 kg/ha.

For transplanting: 3 - 4 kg/ha – Nursery area 100 sq.m.

5) Field preparation
Prepare the main field to a fine tilth.

Add FYM 10 t/ha before last ploughing.

Form beds and channels

Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin @ 1 kg a.i./ha

6) Spacing
5 - 6 weeks old seedlings are transplanted at 60 x 30 cm spacing.

7) Thinning
In direct sown crop thin 4 – 5 weeks old seedlings to 25 – 30 cm spacing.

8) Irrigation
First irrigation should be given immediately after sowing, second on the third day and subsequent irrigations at 7 - 10 days intervals. 9) Manuring
Time of application N P K
Basal dressing 25 (kg/ha) 10 (kg/ha) 0(kg/ha)
Top dressing 25 (kg/ha) 0 (kg/ha) 0 (kg/ha)

10) Aftercultivation
Two or three weedings are necessary. The plants are earthed up after 3 months. Pre-emergent application of Pendimethalin @ 1 kg a.i./ha and one hand weeding.

Plant protection
Aphids can be controlled by spraying Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit or Methyl demeton 25 EC 2 ml/lit.

Powdery mildew
Dust Sulphur at 25 kg/ha or foliar spray with wettable sulphur 2 g/lit at the time of appearance of disease.

Harvest and Yield
The crop matures in 7 - 8 months. Harvest the umbels 4 - 5 times at 10 - 15 days intervals, dry in sun for 4 - 5 days and seeds are threshed.

About 500 - 750 kg/ha/year can be obtained.